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              親子教育:影響兒童學習英語的因素

              作者:楊老師
              發布時間 2017年-08月-11日
              來源: 新啟航教育
              點擊:
              一、興趣對兒童英語學習的影響 興趣是人樂于接觸認識事物,并力求參與相應活動的一種積極的意識傾向。兒童學習英語最好的激勵是對所學知識的興趣。兒童一旦有了某種興趣,

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              一、興趣對兒童英語學習的影響

              興趣是人樂于接觸認識事物,并力求參與相應活動的一種積極的意識傾向。兒童學習英語最好的激勵是對所學知識的興趣。兒童一旦有了某種興趣,就會對該事物或活動表現積極肯定的情緒。對于英語也不例外。

              二、個性與氣質

              考察了小學生英語學業成績與智力和性格特征的關系。結果表明:性格因素對提高英語學習成績和促進智力發展具有重要作用。而由于性格結構特征的差異,形成了學生獨特的個性。從心理學角度而言,人的個性可分為內向型和外向型。而兒童的個性直接影響到他們的語言運用能力,是英語學習成功與否的重要因素。氣質雖然不能決定英語學業的成功與否,但它會影響兒童的活動效率和方式。在英語教學過程中,應根據兒童的不同氣質類型給與相應的指導。

              三、動機與態度

              就兒童學習英語而言,英語學習動機就是推動英語學習的動力因素。學習英語的社會需要、學習英語向往交際的需要、應用的需要、精神的需要都可能成為英語學習的動機。

              學習的動機與學習的態度是密不可分的,甚至可以說,學習動機決定著學習態度。如果兒童對英語有好感,學習對他來說就是一種樂趣,在學習中就會有積極認真的態度;反之,如果兒童對英語學習抱有輕蔑厭惡的態度,那在學習中就會有敷衍了事的消極態度。

              學習動機在英語學習中有著舉足輕重的作用,如果學習者有了強大的學習動力,就會有積極的學習態度,就會以堅韌不拔的毅力克服學習中的困難,達到預期的學習目的。

              四、情感

              在英語學習中的情感,是指兒童對英語和英語使用所持的態度。指對本國語與英語的關系情感對學習有動力或阻力作用。基本的情感可分為:快樂、悲哀、憤怒和恐懼等;積極的情感可以促使學生產生濃厚的學習興趣,進而激發學生強烈的學習動機。

              重視情感因素,促使兒童形成積極的情感體驗,使之對所獲取和使用的語言有快樂感,對所學材料中包含的思想道德意義、美學意義產生共鳴并形成理性的渴求等是外語教學工作的重要組成部分。意志是指兒童在學習使用英語的過程中,自覺的確定學習的目的,并根據學習目的、動機調節支配行動,努力克服困難,實現目標的外語學習心理過程。在英語教學中培養學生良好意志品質,能有效提高英語學習的質量。

              五、環境對兒童學習英語的影響

              1)社會環境的影響

              英語是兒童的第一外語。當然學習英語最理想的環境是把英語作為母語的國家。可是目前來說這是根本不可能的,但教師和學生可以利用目前的條件創造有利于學習的良好環境來目前科學技術的迅速發展及國內人民生活水平的不斷提高也為我們的英語教學提供了良好的條件。例如,錄音機,電視,錄像機,VCD及電腦等等,這些東西對兒童都是具有誘惑力的,通過這些能讓他們更快認識英語、學習英語。

              2)兒童所處的學校環境(校園環境、學校英語教學的條件)

              學校是英語教學的主要場所,學校的環境、課室的布局會對兒童的學習心理造成影響。整潔、舒適、優美、溫馨的校園環境對兒童的身心健康產生更良好的影響。

              六、實施有效措施,提高兒童英語學習能力

              (一)充分利用智力因素,開發潛能

              1、智力活動的基礎就是觀察;人的觀察力并非與生俱來,而是在學習中培養,在實踐中鍛煉兒童對有關英語事物進行科學觀察的能力和習慣。

              2、有意識地設計一些活動來培養孩子的注意力,讓英語在他們眼中變得有誘惑力,明確學習英語的動機。

              3、記憶是開發智力的源泉,在10—11歲期間,兒童正處在智力發展的關鍵時期,所以,在英語課堂上,可培養簡單的歸納與演繹能力,這將成為今后兒童通過學習獲得新知識的主要手段。

              4、在學習中要發揮智力的積極作用,就應當善于運用思維的方法。

              (二)激發非智力因素,改善英語教學效果

              首先,建立新型師生關系;其次,教學方法和教學手段靈活多變,建立輕松愉快的教學氛圍。然后,開展內容廣泛,形式多樣的英語課外活動。,通過活動可以讓兒童把所學知識運用于實踐,使他們認識了自我,并取得不同程度的成就感,增加其自信心,就會增添學習英語的興趣和樂趣。

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