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              英語學習秘籍:零基礎學習者的整體性學習法

              作者:楊老師
              發布時間 2018年-06月-25日
              來源: 新啟航教育
              點擊:
              何謂整體性學習?首先,機械記憶大家都知道吧?就是反復記憶,希望以此牢記信息,所以不少國人在學習英語時,都采取了死記硬背型。整體性學習就是將知識關聯起來,以達到記

               

              英語學習秘籍:零基礎學習者的整體性學習法

               

              從小你的身邊就有一個天敵——別人家的小孩。這種神奇的生物不玩游戲、不聊qq,天天悶頭學習捧個年級第一;他們可以九門功課同步外掛,不像我們天天只會吃喝拉撒……你或許羨慕他們的好成績,卻又一直不屑他們不解人生風情,直到你的身邊又出現了名為“學霸”的更奇葩物種。他們可以天天上課睡覺,考前幾乎不復習,卻照樣能在考后用成績甩你好幾條大街。你不由暗叫,“大哥,人比人也不帶這樣啊……”

              其實并不是他們像都教授一樣來自外星球,他們應該是掌握了一門叫做“整體性學習”的“奇門異術”~~

              那何謂整體性學習?首先,機械記憶大家都知道吧?就是反復記憶,希望以此來牢記信息,所以不少國人在學習英語(精品課)時,都采取了死記硬背型。問你一下,你說"How areyou?"的回答是啥呀?不少人肯定脫口而出"Fine,thank you, and you?" 那為何老外看到小明遭遇車禍后還是只能束手旁觀呢?因為當老外問他"How areyou?"后,小明立刻麻溜地來了一句"Fine,thank you, and you?" 然后……然后就沒有然后了……看吧,機械記憶是一種非常糟糕、低效的學習方式,聰明人是從來不會這樣進行學習的。所以教研君要隆重推薦與之相反的“學霸記憶法”——整體性學習。

              所謂整體性學習就是將知識關聯起來,以達到記憶和應用知識的目的,成功的關鍵在于建立良好的知識結構。

              在研究整體性學習時,看到了這樣一道選擇題:

              在一座城市里,最容易找到的建筑是下面哪一種?

              A) 與很多建筑有數百條公路相連。

              B) 只與一座建筑有泥濘的小路相連。

              很顯然,A建筑更容易被找到。因為即使先前走錯了路也沒關系,條條道路通羅馬,雖然花一點時間,但還是會找到正確的地方。如果是B建筑,給你的機會只有一次,一旦走錯就別指望找到了。即使走對了路,也不免磕磕絆絆,花費了大量的時間和精力。其實建立良好的知識結構,就像是繪制一份優秀的地圖,你的目標就是在各種知識之間建立盡可能多的聯系。聰明的人會很自然的這么做,每學習一個新概念,都會自動與其他知識相聯系。

              老實說,整體性學習其實并不是一篇文章可以說完的,那對于零基礎學習者,應該如何進行初步的整體性學習?有沒有什么技巧呢?這里簡單推薦兩個最易上手的方法。

              1.簡圖法:

              眾所周知,人的大腦分左右兩個半球,左半球主管抽象思維,右半球主管形象思維。從小到大,我們都被灌輸開發右腦的好處,于是乎看到左撇子就暗自欽佩“哇,聰明人!”事實證明,當我們用圖像進行記憶時,經常被閑置的右半腦便被調動了起來,所以記憶效果就比平常要好一些。

              以新概念第一冊中的A Fine Day為例,對于零基礎的學員來說,70多個字符的課文就是一堆生詞和句子,如果光想通過純文字來記憶文章的話勢必要花上一段時間才行。

               

              英語學習秘籍:零基礎學習者的整體性學習法

               

              然而,如果采用簡圖法,句與句之間隱含的關聯性變得一目了然,故事的脈絡也異常清晰。對于零基礎的童鞋來說,所接觸的文章大都是記敘文,所以簡圖法無疑是幫助快速理解、記憶文章的不二選擇。想象一下,你在復述課文時,并非想著“額……這個單詞后面是哪個單詞啊,那個句子后面又是啥啊?”用了簡圖法之后,你的記憶過程更像是行云流水般展開一幅生動的畫面。如果不信,你可以翻開新概念課本,親身試驗下這個方法。

               

              英語學習秘籍:零基礎學習者的整體性學習法

               

              2.聯想法:

              聯想作為記憶的一個技巧,其目的就是將一系列知識點串在一起,也就是用自己的已知信息帶出未知信息。其實聯想法在詞匯教學中是非常常用的。

              舉個例子,好比十二個月份的英語單詞,記住一個January的拼寫就挺難了,何況還有February, September墊后。其實在學習時,十二個月份可以分成以下幾組:

              1)uary組:January, February

              2)(m)ber組:September, October,November, December

              3)M組:March, May

              4)A組:April, August

              5)J組:June, July

              以A組為例,阿拉伯數字的“4”和中文的“八”是否在外觀上都有點形似字母“A”,那這個時候運用點聯想的技巧,記住四月和八月都是以字母A開頭的,是否就比死記硬背的效果要好點呢?同樣,對于最難記憶的January和February,你在知道了January的拼寫后,能通過“uary”的部分聯想到二月也是同樣的單詞結尾,那就相當于February這個詞,你只要在學會January的基礎上,記住四個字母“Febr”就行了。

              另外,再教你如何記憶schedule這個單詞。本身發音就難吧,怎么再能記住拼寫呢?我們先看“chedule”這個部分,拆開來是不是可以聯想到漢語拼音里的“che(車)-du(堵)-le (了)”?而打頭的“s”又可以聯想到歪歪扭扭排隊的人群,這就和schedule解釋為“(火車、客輪、公共汽車或航班的)時刻表,時間表”契合了吧,毫無違和感!如果你恰巧來自“首堵”,想必更感同身受。

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