Causes of Infant Brain Damage | The Brain Injury Law Center

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A damaging infection occurs (e.g. Congenital hydrocephalus means that a person is born with the condition, and it affects about 1 in 1,000 babies. About half of all cases of infant brain damage are caused by asphyxia, or being deprived of oxygen during labor and delivery. Five to eight percent of pregnancies are affected by this condition, including brain damage in the infant. In some extreme cases, infants may die from kernicterus. The physician must ask appropriate questions to determine if the mother has signs and symptoms of PROM, as well as risk factors for the condition. Jaundice, which is a yellowish coloring of the skin and eyes, is a common condition at birth, especially with premature babies.

Umbilical cord injuries and complications may include the following: Nuchal cord: A complication in which the cord wraps around the baby’s neck. I have yet to see lab results. Its precise role is still emerging and therefore, it is not shown above. The researchers say the likelihood of having a better outcome was higher if the oral acyclovir treatment was started immediately following the intravenous therapy. If treated late it can lead to brain damage. If kernicterus is left untreated, it could be grounds for a medical malpractice lawsuit. Fungal meningitis isn’t contagious from person to person.

If you have any concerns about your child’s hearing, even if your child has already had a hearing test in the past, it is important to seek help as soon as possible. The subsequent effects of the infection are quite diverse, resulting in a broad range of developmental outcomes. This can lead to a brain injury, as doctors will have just seconds to unwrap the cord. This insidious condition is passed from mother to baby during pregnancy. The researchers say the likelihood of having a better outcome was higher if the oral acyclovir treatment was started immediately following the intravenous therapy. But when a little more than two weeks old, he sent his parents in a blind panic, suddenly turned blue after taking the rejection of his bottle like him. Instead, hospitals have a set of criteria that newborns must meet in order to qualify for HIE treatment.

IVH can also result from physical trauma during birth. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs. In fact, U.S. She was VERY lucky, all her tests came back clear. The white matter of the brain is responsible for directing communication between the thought-processing sections of the brain (grey matter) and the rest of the body. All of these vaccines are given as a part of a child’s routine immunization series. The fetus also may be exposed to bacteria during vaginal delivery and develop an infection after birth, known as sepsis.

That’s when the baby’s hearing system is growing. During a breech birth (feet first), the arms are usually raised and may be injured from excess pressure. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is often caused by a lack of oxygen in the baby’s brain during labor and delivery, or shortly before labor. Bacterial meningitis, which triggers an inflammation of the membranes around the baby’s brain and spinal cord, and Viral encephalitis, another inflammation of membranes that surround an infant’s brain and spinal cord. Retinoblastoma can occur in either eye; however, in about 25 to 30 percent of the cases, the tumor is present in both eyes. Anat Baniel Method (ABM): A holistic approach to movement rehabilitation. Bleeding in the brain (intracranial hemorrhage).

Recently, in their Meta analysis of 18 clinical trials on the neurodevelopmental impact related to hypoglycemia, Boluyt et al. Birth trauma can cause cerebral palsy or injuries to nerves or spine that can cause low muscle tone. Viral meningitis can affect memory. Call 1-800-FDA-1088 or visit Medical negligence, also known as medical malpractice, occurs when a doctor or other healthcare provider fails to provide the standard of care that other members of the profession within the same community would ordinarily follow. The most likely organism in neonates may be Escherichia Coli or group B Streptococci. A number of other viruses are known to cause hearing loss in babies infected prenatally.

This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a patient with in utero-acquired HSV-2 infection presenting with a limb hypoplasia. It is a medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles, or cavities, of the brain. The inflammation is most often caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The foot may point downward. A baby born in a Michigan hospital has HIE (hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy), permanent brain damage and cerebral palsy as a result of the hospital’s negligence. LONDON, Sept 15 (Reuters) – Early results from a crucial case-control study in Brazil have confirmed a direct causal link between Zika virus infection in pregnant women and the brain damaging birth defect microcephaly in their babies, scientists said on Thursday.